Yemen enters a hanger circle in the western coastal governorate, Hodeida. Thousands of children, women, and elderly peopleare starving in its 26 districts with a total population estimated around (2,621,000) people.
The governorate is ranking the first level among the most vulnerable Yemeni governorates. Recently, signs of famine emerged in the coastal districts, especially Alduraihimi, Alkhokha, and Attuhayta.
In Almatina sub-district, Attuhaytadistrict, with its population approximately (28,000), people there live in scattered villages and most of the families lack of essential living necessities which is a warn of a humanitarian disaster to occur. This disastercouldextend to nearby governorates, which suffer from lack of food insecurity, according toconfirmed reports by the UN and humanitarian organizationsworking in Yemen.
From his side, Dr. Abdulrahman AlJarallah, director of the Public Health Office in Hodeidagovernorate,made an appeal call to regional and international relief organizations to save the lives of thousands of children and women, especially in the villages of Attuhayta district. Jarallah said that the victims have reached critical levels of cute and severe malnutrition, besides the prevalence of skin and fungi diseases among various age groups of those villages.
In the same context, a report issued by the United Nations last Julyindicated that the prevalence ratesof acute malnutrition in Hodeidahgovernorate is the highest throughout the country, recording unprecedented numbers. UNICEF organization also confirmed the critical deteriorated situation there. The report stated that most of the families there have lost theirlivelihoods and the ability to survive due to the expansion of the current security events.
A recent international report released by the United Nations shows that Yemen is a home to 3 million cases that require emergency nutritional interventions, including 2.1 million children under the age of five, lactating women and pregnant mothers within the level of severe acute malnutrition. The report pointed to the suffering of 1.5 million children from malnutrition, including (370) thousand children suffering from acute malnutrition. The latter figure represents an increase of 65% from the number of people with that level since the end of 2014, which numbered then only)160(thousand children.
The report added that relief organizations currently require funds of (45) $ million dollars to tackle malnutrition, in which the total funds collected so far amounted about 40% only of the required funding.
The Tihamacoastal plainsto the west of Yemen includes a number of districts distributed in the governorates of Sa’ada, Hajjah, Mahweet, Hodeidah, Raima, Taiz and Dhamar. Poverty ratesof these districts have recently risen up due to the economic and political circumstances in Yemen. Thus, the majority of the population in those areas live in a very bad situation in various daily life, basicallyacute shortages of daily food, which resulted in the spread ofmalnutrition disease for childrenand pregnant mothers along with the increased number of patients and spread of diseases and epidemics, such as malaria, dengue fever, and diarrhea.
Continuous electricity blackoutsalong with the overheating, especially in the governorate of Hodeidah,exacerbated the problem and caused spread of many diseases, not to mention the increased numbers of displaced families to Hodeida from neighboring governorates that suffer from security events. The number of those displaced families is estimatedto reach (11,400) families in which the majority of them settle mainly in public schools and some out in the open while others, especially women settle in the homes of the host community. Many of men camp in the grounds of mosques and under plastic covers.
Such problem includes the absence and weakness of health services in health facilities and critical shortages in medicines and lack of essential electricity services.As the health care services in the governorate was far from the desired level before the recent crisis, now with the current economic and political crises has witnessed furtherconsiderable decline. To address the problem, it needs great efforts and wide cooperation between the governmental side and local, regional and international humanitarian organizations, in addition to local communities to provide medical services based on outcomes of studies and research that explore aspects of the problem, its causes and its different dimensions.
The water problem exacerbated in a number of governoratesand districts becauseof the economic crisis and armed conflict. Such crises resulted in rising the prices of fuels, which in turn led to the suspension of a large number of water projects, particularly inrural areas,where many people live a daily sufferance in order to obtain necessary drinking water.
Accordingly, the Charitable Society for Social Welfare (CSSW) calls upon its local, regional and international partners to support its launched campaign "Together to address the famine in Tihama" through supporting urgent interventions of the campaign for a period from October to December 2016, which as a first stage, includes:
1.Nutritional interventions – distribution of food packages – with an estimated quantity of around (50,000) food baskets.
2.Implementation of health campaigns for the treatment of malnutrition - a number of (20) campaigns.
Issued by the Charitable Society for Social Welfare (CSSW)